Fishing in India is a major industry in its coastal states, employing over 14 million people. In 2016 fish production in India has grown at a higher rate than food grains, milk, eggs, and other food items.Indian inland waters (rivers, reservoirs, wetlands, lakes and ponds) contribute 62–65% of the total fisheries production.

India was the third largest producer of marine and freshwater capture fisheries, and the second largest aquaculture farmed fish producer in the world.